basic information: http://2014.data-forum.eu/program
Open Data in Vienna
Mr. Johann Mittheisz, former CIO of the City of Vienna received Eccenca European Data Innovator Award. In his talk, he outlined some of the work which went into making Vienna an pen city: First of all, Vienna is committed to "Open Politics" based on political decision (it was one of the promises of in elections). ICT vision then follows and executes this political decision.
As of 2014, Vienna Open Data initiative can demonstrate success using 223 released datasets and 139 applications using that data. Among the most successful apps are for example Toilet Map of Vienna and Parking in Vienna. Added value for Vienna was estimated at 550'000 € (in terms of programming effort which went into the creation of those applications).
Other noteworthy fact is, that all datasets are licensed under CC BY 3.0 license.
Danish Basic Data Program
Mr. Nicolas Lemcke Horst in his presentation introduced how Denmark plans to give good basic data to everyone in next few years. Key points:
- they did some analysis
- they have a plan
- they have a budget
During analysis, they identified several issues they would like to tackle with Open Data: reducing costs of administration, make the administration more efficient and to become a data driven public sector and society. They also answered a question "What is basic data?": Base Registries, data about individuals, businesses, real estate property, addresses, roads and areas, maps and geo data.
Denmark's plans spans from 2010 to 2017.
Investment was decided upfront to be approx. up to 125 million € and sources of the funding were identified:
- internal savings and reduced IT costs: 10% + 10%
- efficiency gains: 80%
Among other (usual) things, they also plan to spend around 40% of that budget on buying data and making it free.
They also calculated benefits coming from release of that data until 2020:
- public sector gains: approx. 33 million €
- private sector gains: approx. 66 million €
Open Data in Transport and Communications
Mr. Taru Rastas presented about Finland's Public data guide, Finish open data policy and policy actions.
As a key enabler, geographical data were identified, along with transport, communications, weather data, postal codes, etc. One of the first steps was removal of restrictions from existing datasets.
Thanks to that (and some other actions, among them for example Apps4Finland competition) they already have developer community and useful apps based on data released so far.
Public Sector Information (PSI) at the European Commission
Mrs. Marta Nagy-Rothengass, among other things, explained why "open data" matters and why EC is supporting it:
Data offers new opportunities, generates externalities (positive: reuse, negative: privacy - thus we need to capture the good and avoid bad) and presents a competitive advantage. Thus open (public) data represents for Europe:
- untapped business and economic opportunities
- better governance and citizen empowerment
- a way to address societal challenges (health, environment, etc.)
- potential to accelerate scientific progress
Those are the reasons for new revision of PSI Directive (adopted on June 23rd, 2013, to be transposed by July 2015) which contains following key points:
- all accessible material in principle reusable must be made available
- charges lowered to the marginal cost of dissemination
- added rules for re-use of also cultural material (held by museums, libraries and archives, free of third party copyright)
- strongly encourages machine-readable and open formats
She also mentioned G8 Open Data Charter.
Advanced Exploration of Public Procurement Data in Linked Data Paradigm
Mr. Krzysztof Wecel talked about use of Linked Data while exploring public procurement data from Poland. In their project, they identified benefits of such data in Linked form to both bidders and contracting authorities (thanks to clustering, associations, predictive models, geography and other associations, etc.) and achieved some discoveries and conclusions.
- 28.8 M of triples representing 413'382 notices, 922'038 offerings, etc.
- 38% of contracts had just on offer
- one contract had 610 offers
- supply contracts are the most popular
- construction work was the least popular
- areas of low competitiveness are more susceptible to abude
Post conference information
Official photo stream of EDF2014 is available at https://www.flickr.com/photos/lod2/sets/72157642967653084/page2/:
Presentations of EDF2014 are uploaded here: http://2014.data-forum.eu/edf2014-presentations.